Clean Energy Sources

Most of the electricity that we make use of is coming from fossil fuels such as oil and coal. Power stations burn fossil fuels for converting them into electricity resulting in emission of harmful gases like methane and carbon dioxide. This is the reason why such source of energy is called dirty source. Moreover, gas, oil, and coal are non-renewable energy sources which means we can make use of them till they are available and once they are finished, we won’t be having electricity.

Is clean energy for real?

Renewable sources of energy are also called clean energy sources and some examples include water, wind, and solar. These sources help at negating effects of some forms of pollution. These are all power generation techniques and none of these resources are depleted for producing energy. Some of these renewable and cleaner energy sources are explained below:

• Nuclear Power – This is nuclear technology designed for extracting usable energy from various atomic nuclei through controlled nuclear reactions. Nuclear power is sustainable source of energy that can reduce carbon emission as well as increase energy security by bringing about decrease in foreign oil dependency.

• Compressed Natural Gas – CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) is substitute fossil fuel for diesel, gasoline, or propane. Combustion of CNG produces greenhouse gases, it is an environmentally cleaner alternative when compared to other fuels as well as safer. Vehicles running on CNG are being used widely in various parts of the globe because of rising prices of diesel and petrol.

• Biomass – This renewable source of energy refers to living as well as recently dead biological material which can be utilised for industrial production or as fuel. Biomass means plat matter grown for generating electricity or producing heat, chemicals, or fibre. This can include biodegradable wastes which are burnt as fuel. There are various plants like sugarcane, willow, corn, switchgrass, various tree species, and lots more.

• Geothermal Power – Geothermal energy is an extremely efficient and powerful way of extracting renewable energy from earth via natural processes. It can be carried out in small scale for providing heat for residential units or on larger scale for production of energy through geothermal power plants. Energy generated geothermally is reliable, environment friendly, and cost-effective.

• Hydroelectricity – Energy generated through hydropower that is power production through usage of gravitational force of flowing or falling water. This kind of energy produces no wastage directly. Micro-hydro or small scale hydro power is a common alternative primarily in remote regions where power sources aren’t viable. These systems are installed in small streams or rivers with no or very little discernible environmental disruption or effect for fishing migration.

• Wind Power – Wind power is converting wind energy using wind turbines into useful forms like mechanical energy or electricity. There are wind farms on large-scale that are connected typically to local power transmission networks used for providing electricity to remote areas. Wind farms are generally installed on grazing areas or agricultural lands.

Solar Panels – Solar power involves harnessing of sun’s energy for producing electricity. This is among the quickest growing ways of producing electricity and new technologies in this field are emerging continuously.

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